"As early as 1952, Norbert Wiener feared that cybernetics, which he invented with Alan Turing and Claude Shannon, would become a threat to democracy. Atomic power is a great revolution, so is computer science, and the men whom I just named are, however, aware that totalitarian control of populations is possible with computer science and robotics, without the necessary political guarantee. Remember that cybernetics - from the Greek kubernån: “to direct” - deals with processes of control and communication between men and machines. These populations, living beings and technical objects, may then come into conflict; and it is the very people who developed the automatons of early cybernetics who alerted the public about the political risks involved. What a perfect example of the critique of technology by its inventors!"
— Politics of the very worst, Paul Virilio, p. 32. (via thedreadexhibition)
An occasional series on the future of NASA and space exploration. By Joel Achenbach.
Each month W&C interviews a new architect to hear their perspective.